IEEE Virtual Reality 2018 Keynote Speakers
IEEE VR 2018: the 25th IEEE Conference on Virtual Reality and 3D User Interfaces
March 18-22, 2018, Reutlingen, Germany
Albert “Skip” Rizzo, Ph.D.
Director, Medical Virtual Reality - Institute for Creative Technologies
Research Professor - Dept. of Psychiatry and School of Gerontology
University of Southern California
12015 East Waterfront Dr., Playa Vista, CA. 90094
Is Clinical Virtual Reality Ready for Primetime?
ABSTRACT: Since the mid-1990s, a significant scientific literature has evolved regarding the outcomes from the use of what we now refer to as Clinical Virtual Reality (VR). This use of VR simulation technology has produced encouraging results when applied to address cognitive, psychological, motor, and functional impairments across a wide range of clinical health conditions. This talk addresses the question, “Is Clinical VR Ready for Primetime?”.
After a brief description of the various forms of VR technology, I will discuss the trajectory of Clinical VR over the last 20 years and summarize the basic assets that VR offers for creating clinical applications. The discussion then addresses the question of readiness in terms of the theoretical basis for Clinical VR assets, the research to date, the pragmatic factors regarding availability, usability, and costs of Clinical VR content/systems, and the ethical issues for the safe use of VR with clinical populations.
My key take home message is that when reviewing the theoretical underpinnings and research findings to date, it is clear that Clinical VR will have a significant impact on future research and practice. Pragmatic issues that can influence adoption across many areas of psychology also appear favorable, but professional guidelines will be needed to promote its safe and ethical use.
While there is still much research needed to advance the science in this area, it is predicted that Clinical VR applications will become indispensable tools in the toolbox of psychological researchers and practitioners and will only grow in relevance and popularity in the future.
Skip Rizzo is a clinical psychologist and Director of Medical VR at the University of Southern California Institute for Creative Technologies. He is also a Research Professor with the USC Dept. of Psychiatry and School of Gerontology. Over the last 20 years, Skip has conducted research on the design, development and evaluation of Virtual Reality systems targeting the areas of clinical assessment, treatment, and rehabilitation across the domains of psychological, cognitive and motor functioning in both healthy and clinical populations. This work has focused on PTSD, TBI, Autism, ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke and other clinical conditions. In spite of the diversity of these clinical R&D areas, the common thread that drives all of his work with digital technologies involves the study of how Virtual Reality simulations can be usefully applied to human healthcare beyond what’s possible with traditional 20th Century methods. To view some videos on his work, go to: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=UUQrbzaW3x9wWoZPl4-l4GSA&feature=plcp
Katherine J. Kuchenbecker, Ph.D.
ABSTRACT: Touching an object causes rich haptic signals (both tactile sensations in your skin and kinesthetic cues from your muscles and joints) that enable you to quickly understand the object's physical properties and adeptly control the interaction. Although human experience centers on physical contact with tangible items, very few computer interfaces provide the user with high-fidelity touch feedback, limiting their intuitiveness. By way of four examples, this talk will demonstrate that well-designed haptic feedback can greatly increase the realism of virtual worlds. First, we created a simple visuo-audio-tactile simulator to help dental students learn to discriminate between healthy and decayed tooth tissue. The user watches a video of a real dental tool interacting with a tooth while simultaneously feeling an authentic rendering of the high frequency contact vibrations that occurred. Second, we created the world's most realistic haptic virtual surfaces by recording and modeling what a user feels when touching 100 real objects with an instrumented stylus. The perceptual effects of displaying the resulting data-driven friction forces, tapping transients, and texture vibrations were quantified by having users compare the original surfaces to their virtual versions. Third, we extended the haptic texture concept to capture how a real robot vibrates as it moves its joints and tied this model to measured user motions. The resulting vibrotactile experiences were formally evaluated and then added to an immersive game that lets the user feel what it would be like to turn into a robot. Finally, some of our ongoing research aims to display realistic fingertip contact sensations in virtual reality using both novel hardware and novel algorithms. While much work remains to be done, we are starting to see the tantalizing potential of systems that leverage tactile cues to allow a user to interact with virtual environments as though they were real.
BIO: Katherine J. Kuchenbecker directs the new Haptic Intelligence Department at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Stuttgart, Germany. She was previously an Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics at the University of Pennsylvania, where she held the Class of 1940 Bicentennial Endowed Term Chair and a secondary appointment in Computer and Information Science. Kuchenbecker earned her Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering at Stanford University in 2006 and did a postdoctoral fellowship at the Johns Hopkins University. Her research centers on haptic interfaces, which enable a user to touch virtual and distant objects as though they were real and within reach, as well as haptic sensing systems, which allow robots to physically interact with objects and people. She delivered a TEDYouth talk on haptics in 2012, and she has received several honors including a 2009 NSF CAREER Award, the 2012 IEEE Robotics and Automation Society Academic Early Career Award, a 2014 Penn Lindback Award for Distinguished Teaching, as well as various best paper and best demonstration awards.